Normally the stomach sits below the diaphragm; the layer of muscle that separates the organs in the chest from the organs in the belly. A hiatal hernia is when part of the stomach moves past the diaphragm and into the chest. When this occurs a person will likely have reflux. In addition to repairing the hernia, some patients may require surgery to mend the hole in their diaphragm to prevent future hiatal hernias.
Symptoms are similar to reflux and include:
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